Berlin is the capital and metropolis of modern Germany with a population of approximately 4.2 million. In Berlin, you’ll find grand public buildings, chic restaurants, vibrant cafes and pubs, lively dance and nightclubs, numerous museums and theatres, historic palaces and sites of interest, and many shopping centers and boutique stores shelved with the latest rage in trends and fashion. The city is as dynamic, hip, and artsy as any European city, but its many parks, rivers, and bridges also instill a natural charm to it.
There are several points of interest for tourists in Berlin. The Museuminsel (“Museum Island”) which consists of the Pergamonmuseum, Altes Museum, Alte Nationalgalerie, Bodemuseum, and the Neues Museum is worth visiting. This island of museums is home to a vast collection of ancient Greek, Egyptian, Middle-Eastern, and Islamic art and antiques as well as German paintings from the 19th century, and various sculptures and art work from the Byzantine era. Another site that is noteworthy is the Nikolaikirche. This happens to be the oldest church in Berlin and dates back to the early 13th century.
Some historical sites in Berlin include the Berlin Wall. There is a section of intact wall east of the city center in Mühlenstraße known as East Side Gallery. Also, there are two small pieces of the wall in Potsdamer Platz at the corner between Bellevuestraße and Eberrtstraße. Another site is Checkpoint Charlie. This was the crossing point between West and East Germany. During the cold war, only foreigners were permitted to pass between West and East Germany via Checkpoint Charlie. Another site is the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe Center. This is a memorial site dedicated to commemorating the history of Jews in Berlin and the Jewish victims in WWII.
Notable landmark structures are also galore in Berlin. The TV Tower near Alexanderplatz, for example, is the tallest in Germany and the second largest in Europe. It has a rotating café that spins a complete revolution in 30 minutes. The Berliner Fernsehturm in Alexanderplatz is the country’s tallest construction at 368 meters high. The Kollhoff Tower at Potsdamer Platz owns the fastest elevator in Europe.
The Berlin Zoo, which houses the largest range of species in the world, is another place worth checking out. For shopping fanatics, Ku’Damm is the place to be. It is one of the main shopping streets of the city selling many luxury goods and brand names. There are also many high-end restaurants in this area. Potsdamer Platz is another shopping hot spot. It was once divided by the Berlin Wall but is now home to a large shopping center, movie theatre complexes, and the spectacular dome of the Sony Center. The area has an ultramodern feel to it with the construction of the buildings comprised mainly of glass and steel.