The Czech Republic is perhaps most known for being at the heart of Bohemia. This region is marked by the mountain ranges of the Ore Mountains, the Šumava, and the Giant Mountains within the Sudeten mountains. It is also coated by the river valleys of the Moldau, Elbe, and Danube. Not surprisingly, Bohemia is a popular destination for skiers and other winter sports enthusiasts. It is equally appealing in the summer for those who are into hiking and climb. Hiking is especially appealing – there are actually more than 48,000 kilometers of color-coded trails and paths that crisscross through the countryside.
The Czech Republic is also home to several heritage sites including the Litomyšl Castle, the Pilgrimage Church of St. John of Nepomuk, and the Český Krumlov. There are also a number of Gothic and Baroque castles that have been well preserved, and the medieval quarters of most of the towns in Bohemia and Moravia are intact. Historic architecture can be appreciated especially in historic towns like Kromeríz, Telc, and Olomouc.
The Czechs are also well-known for their health resorts and spas. Karlovy Vary or Carlsbad is a famous spa town with more than 300 hot springs that draw from the Teplá River. It is a popular destination not only for tourists but for famous international celebrities as well, and is the site of the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival.
Other popular destinations in the Czech Republic include the capital, Prague, and other cities like Ostrava, Bojkovice, Brno, České Budějovice, Litomerice, Pardubice, Nachod, Srbsko and Plzen. Both České Budějovice and Plzen are famous for their beers – Budweiser (or Budvar) and Pilsener respectively. And Srbsko is a great place to do some rock-climbing.