Krakow is also the home of the Jagiellonian University, which was founded in 1364 and has become a leading center of culture and learning in Central Europe. It has produced some of the world's greatest scholars, including Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543), the astronomer who was the first scientist to postulate that Earth revolves around the Sun. His laboratory has been preserved in the medieval part of the campus and is still used by the university.
Located close to the industrial area around Katowice, Krakow has unfortunately become a victim of reckless development. Pollution is destroying many monuments, and outdoor statues are disintegrating. Poland will need massive international aid to stop this deterioration.